The official name for the Corgi is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a different breed than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi.
Their origin is Wales and Corgi means Dwarf Dog in the Welsh language.
They are in the AKC herding group, being recognized by the AKC in 1934.
Average life span is 12 years with a range of 11 to 16 years being in the normal range.
Average weight for males is between 25 to 30 lbs. (11 – 14 kg).
Average weight for females is between 24 to 28 lbs. (10.0 to 13 kg).
Average height for both males and females is between 10 to 12 inches (25 to 35 cm) from floor to shoulder.
Litter size is 7 on average, with 2-8 being in the expected range.
Life span is 12 years, with 11 to 15 being the normal range.
Puppies will weigh 10 (.28 kg) ounces on average with a range of 6 to 18 ounces (.17 to .51 kg) being normal.
The average price for a Corgi is $500 USD with $300 to $800 being the normal, expected range.
Color and Appearance
Coat color can be black, fawn, red, sable, and/or tan. Sable will be a red coat in which the tips of the hairs are black.
They may have white markings.
The coat is of medium length and of double coat, the outer layer is somewhat water resistant.
Ears are medium sized, erect and pointed. Puppies may have floppy ears, if so they will slowly become erect and in most cases will stand on their own by the age of 4-16 weeks.
The tail is short and in some cases a tail may not be apparent at all. However, if a medium to long tail is present at birth, the tail is traditionally docked in countries in which this is legal and permitted.
The body is long and the legs are short.
It is normal for dewclaws to be removed from all 4 legs when the Corgi is a newborn.
Behavior and Temperament
They are generally very friendly and make a good family pet.
They have an instinct to herd, which will vary in strength from dog to dog…. Some may try to herd their human family members and some will not display this behavior at all.
They love attention and will often display amusing antics to make sure that all eyes are on them.
They are very playful and most generally get along well with children.
Most are tolerant to other animals including other dogs and with cats and are often playful with both. However, they generally do not do well with smaller creatures such as hamsters, pet mice, gerbils and the such as they will have an instinct to chase and catch them.
It is a Corgi fact that they move their ears quite a bit in reaction to all sort of noises, both those that humans can hear and those that we cannot.
They are quite intelligent and often do not like repetition, since repetition is a key for most dog training, this breed will often do best if they spend a few minutes on 1 command and then are allowed to go on to learn a 2nd one.
They can be very vocal and bark quite a bit… One interesting fact about Corgis is that if you train your dog to speak on command, this can lead to them only barking when you command it.
One of the most adorable traits and habits of the Corgi is that many of them sleep on their backs with legs sprawled out.
The breed, in general, is prone to eye issues and back issues. They are also prone to easy weight gain and for this reason an owner should be sure to offer daily walks and to keep an eye on snacking.
Since this breed lived on sprawling farms for a very long time and were bred to be farm working herd dogs, they do very well when they have access to large, safe, enclosed outdoor areas. However, a Corgi can do well even in a smaller space if they are taken outside often enough for walks and exercise.
They are known to shred apart small toys and to also shred apart small rawhide chews. For this reason, most do much better with toys and treats that are sized for larger dogs.
A heavy shed will occur 2 times per year, in the spring and in the autumn. During this time, it can be controlled by brushing each day with a rake comb that will pull out loose hairs from all areas of the coat.
Brushing should be done on a regular basis, to keep the coat clean, to prevent tangles and to remove dirt and debris. It is recommended to routinely brush at least 1-2 times per week, making sure to go over the entire body including the legs.
Because the outer coat is water resistant, when giving this dog a bath, one must be sure that the spray reaches under the top coat and down through the inner lay to the skin. This is best done with a nozzle and by using warm water.
Ears should be cleaned on a regular basis to remove any excess was build up, this can be done effectively by using a cotton ball with a touch of mineral oil to swipe out the inner ear flap without going in too deeply and damaging the canal.
In general, these once outside herding dogs have become inside dogs and many do not do well at all if left alone outside for long periods of time. They crave human interaction and like to be close to their owners. If they must be left alone for more than an hour, most tend to do best if in a gated off room that has plenty of toys and with a radio or television playing in the background…As well as a comfortable place to nap and with cool water and food available.