Facts About Dogs  
  
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Dog Training Facts
                         
Dog Training Facts

                              



When you have a puppy or dog,  training will be needed.  These dog training facts are to help an owner know what they should expect from their dog and how to achieve those goals.

Training is done for a variety of reasons:

House training : This type of dog training is done to teach a puppy or dog to urinate and have bowel movements in a designated area…in most cases it will be outside of the home, although some small breeds can be taught to do this on indoor pee pads.  This is done for hygiene reasons and is the #1 reason for reading about dog training facts.

Command Training:  This is another important aspect…An out-of-control pet is not a happy pet nor does this create an environment for a happy owner.  Command training will involve the acts of heel, come, off, sit, stay among others.

Barking Control:  All dogs bark and they do so to communicate. The problem that often arises is that it can become out-of-control.  While some dogs will bark at objects such as cars, other dogs and people…Others will loudly flex their vocal cords when left home alone or when others wish to sleep.  For everyone to be happy within the household, training for barking will be needed for the more vocal canine.

Tricks:  When a dog is well trained in all other aspects, an owner may wish to go beyond the basics and teach their dog how to perform tricks.  It can be a wonderful way for a pet to gain attention and for owners to show off just how clever their pet can be.


Let’s Begin with the Dog Training Facts for Housebreaking

This is one of the most daunting tasks, however if an owner realizes that when it is done correctly and with patience it is very temporary when compared to the years that both owner and pet will enjoy each other's company.

Training for this can begin when a puppy is 8 weeks old.  It should be noted that as each week goes by, the pup will be able to do better.  Why?  Because at this young age, bladder and bowel muscles are not fully developed.  This means that a young 2 month old cannot hold on for much longer than 2 hours.  A good rule of thumb is that:  # of months = # of hours that a pup can go between bathroom visits.  Therefore, a 3 month old can hold on for about 3 hours, a 4 month old for about 4 hours and so on…Until the dog can wait approximately 8 hours.  It is unrealistic for an owner to expect a full grown adult to wait much longer than 8-9 hours, as it is often simply physically impossible.

training dogThe real key to success here is very simple:  Consistency.  In all regards.

First, an area should be chosen.  And some thought should go into this.  One should think about future weather conditions and not just current ones.  If you live in an area in which you will have a cold, snowy season, think about the location that you will choose for your dog to be trained to go to the bathroom….It should be close enough to the home so that a path can easily be shoveled out for them.  If you live in an area with a lot of rain, you may wish to consider a location that has trees which will provide some shelter.

Once a location has been chosen, it is very important to not change it.  Dogs are creatures of habit and will learn much faster when they know what to expect.  All members of the house who will be taking part in house training a dog should know the plan and stick to it.

One key to success is that while the human chooses the location and always takes the dog to that spot, the dog should be able to choose the exact spot within that area.  This can be accomplished by bringing the dog out to the area on a 6-8 foot leash.  The owner then stands in the middle of the area, allowing the dog to walk on the leash within that 6-8 foot diameter. 

Patience is the other key that is needed.  Some puppies will take 15-20 minutes to relax enough to go to the bathroom…even adult dogs cannot always “go” on command.  Time is needed for them to pick a spot and do their business.

A lot of owners will write in and ask why it is that their dog will not go to the bathroom while outside, but will then poop on the floor as soon as they are brought back into the house. The answer is that they needed to be kept outside a bit longer.

The Importance of Praise

A fact about dog training is that a dog will not know that he or she did something correctly or did something that pleases their owner unless they are taught to understand this.  This means that when a dog eliminates in the selected location, an owner must make it very clear that they are pleased.  This is accomplished by giving great praise.  The tone of voice is just as important as the words that are being said.  Dogs, not understanding many words, will most often pick up on the tone….Are the words simply said?  Or are they said with great enthusiasm and happiness?  It makes all the difference in the world.

When should you bring a dog outside?

This will vary by age, however there are times that are universal to all:

  • When they very first wake up (before anything else is done or said)
  • Immediately after they wake from any nap
  • 15-20 minutes after eating a meal
  • Right before bedtime
  • Every few hours depending on age…Remember: # of months = # of hours.  For example, a 3 month old dog should be taken outside at least every 3 hours.  Expecting a puppy to wait any longer than this is akin to asking them to have an accident.
How Long Does This Training Take?

When done consistency each day, and when giving great praise each time a dog eliminates in the designated area, house training can be achieved in as little as 2 months.  Do keep in mind that when a puppy goes where planned 1 time, he or she is not trained!  It takes weeks of repetition before training should be done.  Even when training is officially done, it really never ends because each day the same routine must be kept up… If a dog is not brought outside, they cannot possibly do as expected.

Command Training

One of the commands that is one of the most important one is one that many owners do not understand or care to work on.  We are talking about the command: Heel.  How many times have you seen a person walking a dog, only to see that the dog is leading the way?  Pulling on the leash?  It seems as if the dog is walking the owner and not the other way around.

True heeling and walking correctly means that the dog walks at the same pace as the owner, to the side and preferably to the left….Not in front and certainly not behind, but comfortably to the side.  In this way, owner and dog are walking in tandem and neither is struggling to get ahead of the other.

It is a dog training fact that one of the easiest ways to accomplish this is to begin as such but completely stop if the dog walks ahead.  Dogs love walking, they love to explore, they love to see the world around them.  If that all stops and they are forced to stand still, they will soon learn that: Walking beside you = being able to continue waking and that walking ahead = a immediate stop to the fun.

As the dog does walk beside the owners, praise in an upbeat and happy tone should be given along with an occasional treat.  And certainly a great, yummy doggie treat at the end of a successful walking session with correct heeling should be given.

Dog Training Facts for Barking

When a dog barks endlessly, it can seem as if nothing else can compare to the frustration and aggravation.  Where did that cute little dog go?  Or why is that huge dog barking so loud that the people living 3 miles away may call animal control?

There will be 2 different situations when you boil it all down: Barking done when you are home…And barking done when the dog is home along.

Let’s first look at barking when you are home.  Disturbance barking is often the cause . This means that something or someone (or a combination of both) are disturbing the dog in such a way that he or she barks.

The secret to training a dog for this type of behavior is twofold. First, you will want to eliminate the disturbance if you are able to and doing so does not interfere with your normal, regular life style. For example, if your dog is barking at people in your home, you certainly do not want to accommodate him or her by not having visitors.  However, if he or she is barking wildly at the squirrels in the tree that they can see out of the window, it can help to simply close the blind or the curtain.
 
The other aspect and the one that should be used most for this type of dog training is to teach the dog to accept the element that is causing the disturbance. This is a part of socialization. Does your dog bark at cars?  At  people? At other pets?  This can be fixed.

Let’s say for example that your dog barks at cars when you are going for a walk.  You will want to begin by taking him to an area that does not have traffic…a quiet area without cars whizzing by.  When he is being quiet, praise him.

Then, the next step will be to go to an area that has a bit of traffic, but not overwhelming.  Perhaps a car passes by every 5 minutes or so.  When you see the car approaching, talk to your dog matter-of-factly and let them know that they are doing a good job.  If they begin to bark as the car goes by, give a stern “No” and stop walking.  If they stop barking, immediately give great praise and a nice little nibble of a tasty treat.   If they do indeed bark, stay still for a few minutes and do not say 1 word.  Your goal will be to show them that barking= being ignored….and that not barking = the continuation of the walk.

Once they have mastered this, you can go on to a path that has more traffic.  In time, he or she will not only become accustomed to cars, but also will understand what you expect of them.

dog home aloneWhen You Are Not Home

This is most often caused by Separation Anxiety. Your pet does not feel safe when left home alone. There are a few steps to helping with this.

First, you will want to make sure that they have a safe and comfortable environment with all of their needs met while you are away.  In many cases, a play pen works well for puppies or a gated off area will work well for both pups and older dogs.

If your home is carpeted, it can be helpful to obtain a piece of linoleum flooring to place on the ground and then play gates around that.  Your goal will be to create a nice spot for them that does keep them from destroying the house, but also gives the enough room that they do not feel cooped up. Inside of this area, you will want to place a pillow or doggie bed for them to rest or sleep,  food and water, newspaper or pee pads if you will be gone for longer than they can hold their needs and plenty of toys. Interactive toys work best…these will be toys that give the dog something in reward for playing….It can be a toy that makes noise….or a toy that holds treats inside that will be dislodged when chewed on enough.

Many owners have found it helpful to have a TV or a radio playing in the background so that the house is not completely quiet.

The way that you leave and come back will play a crucial role.  Most owners automatically hug, kiss, pet and shower love on the dog before they leave for the day.  Then, when the person returns, the same happens!  This gives the message of “I’m leaving! I may not be back!” When coming home it gives the message of “I almost did not make it back, thank goodness I am alive and back here with you!” ….Better is to casually leave without making a big deal out of the event.  Love and kisses can be given an hour before a person leaves or an hour after coming home…but not right before nor directly after. When  leaving, toss a toy to distract them and quietly leave. When returning, enter and check your mail…have a sip of juice…and then greet them. 
   

                     
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