Facts About Dogs  
  
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Facts About Dogs and Puppies
                         
Introduction to the Wonderful Facts About Dogs and Puppies

                              


facts about dogs and puppiesThe canine world is quite an interesting one.  There are 157 different breeds as classified by the American Kennel Club on over 220 worldwide.  However, there are many other breeds that are not yet recognized.  Some of them are known as Designer Dogs or Hybrids, and are a result of the specific breeding of two different purebreds.  An example is the Maltipoo which is a puppy who is produced by pairing together a toy Poodle and a Maltese.  While some argue that this should not be done, it should be noted that every breed we have and know of today is the result of breeding different purebreds in the past.

An example is the Pomeranian, whose ancestor was a large Spitz sled dog.  After many generations of breeding with smaller dogs, the Pomeranian became a new breed…much different than the sledders, the Pom was now very small in size and could be found in a variety of different coat colors as compared to the once all white coat.

Not very long ago most dogs were owned for protection, security or hunting.  Now, most dogs are owned for companionship and are thought of as members of the household.

Just in the United States alone there are over 68 million dogs that are owned as pets.  This means that just about 1 out of every 3 households has at least 1 puppy or dog…And many homes have several.

History Fact:
The oldest purebred British dog is thought to be the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, which traces back to the dogs that were brought to Wales by the Celts from the Black Sea area around the year 1200 BC.

The oldest American purebred is the American Foxhound.  This breed dates back to 1650 when Robert Brooke, an Englishman, settled in the state of Maryland with his pack of foxhounds.  He crossed them with other dogs that originated from England, Ireland and France...and thus the American Foxhound was developed.


Chihuahua

Different Types of Dogs                         


The most popular pet is the Labrador Retriever and this has to do not only with the dog’s pleasing appearance but also the kind, caring nature of this breed.  The Lab is loyal, loving and gets along very well with people of all ages…from small children to the elderly and everyone in-between.

dog puppy factOthers on the top of the list are the Golden Retriever, the German Shepherd, the Beagle and the Dachshund.

Puppies and dogs are categorized by size with most well-known Registries…In the United States the AKC (American Kennel Club) being the most reputable and recognized.  Puppies and dogs all around the world are classified as toy, small, medium and large with most Kennels. Some also include Giant.  Not all organizations agree as to what category a certain dog falls into.  For example in Australia the Bichon Frise is in the Toy group however does not appear in the AKC list.

The smallest purebred is the Chihuahua.  The Chi, as it is called for short, will be only 2-6- lbs. (.9 kg-2.7 kg) when full grown.  To show how very different dogs and puppies can be, the Great Dane is a giant dog who will grow to be a whopping 120 lb (54 kg).

There are many puppies and dogs who are known as mixed.  A politically incorrect term that is not often used anymore is mutt or mongrel.  Mixes, as they are most commonly known as, are puppies and dogs whose parents are different breeds or are mixes themselves.  In some cases where the parents and the grandparents will all be mixes. the bloodlines are unknown or at least incomplete.  Mixes can be wonderful, loyal and loving pets...as much as any purebred.

The 10 most rare dogs in the world are:

1 -The Catalburun, a large dog with the distinguishing feature of having a split nose. A great hunter and usually only found in the country of Turkey.

2- The Mudi, a medium sized herding dog with a soft curly coat.  Found mostly in Hungary.

3- The Thai Ridgeback, a medium dog that has a distinctive feature of having a ridge of hair that runs along his back in the opposite direction of the rest of his coat. Popular in Thailand, this breed is beginning to become more popular in other parts of the world, although finding a Thai Ridgeback puppy in the U.S. is not common.

4- The Norwegian Lundehund, a breed once kept by ancient Vikings and used for hunting. This dog originated in Norway and the feature most talked about is his 6 toes.

5- The Carolina Dog, also called the American Dingo. Interestingly, this breed was discovered relatively recently. In 1970, packs of Carolina Dogs were found living in remote areas in the Southeastern U.S. Many are now kept safely in captivity and very few people own this puppy or dog as a pet.

6- The Tibetan Mastiff, a very large breed from the mountains of Tibet. Newborn puppies weigh 13-22 ounces and gain approximately 5 ounces per day. Older puppies gain 1 to 3 pounds a week. The adult weight of this dog is 160 pounds.

7- Azawakh - Mostly found in Africa, there are only about 150 Azawakh puppies and dogs living in the U.S. Adult dogs are between 33 and 55 pounds (15 to 25 kg).

8- The Otterhound, a British breed and a scent hound that were used to hunt otters. There are only about 1000 Otterhound puppies and dog in the world.

9 - Stabyhoun - A medium sized dog, most have a black and white coat. Country of origin is the Netherlands. There are only about 3200 puppies and dogs worldwide.

10 -The Chinook - This breed was developed in the United States and is the official state dog of New Hampshire. The first Chinook puppy was born from a pairing of a Husky and a Mastiff.
 

dog and puppy factsPuppy Facts

A female is able to become pregnant only when she is in her heat cycle.  This occurs approximately 2 times per year.  If an un-neutered male canine  is to mount her during this time,  pregnancy can occur. One of the interesting facts about dogs and puppies is that if a female mates with 2 males within a couple of days, she can carry a litter that contains some pups from one sire (father) and others from the other sire.  This is one reason why the AKC tries to keep a close eye on breeding practices and requires careful record keeping.

Canine pregnancy moves along much faster than a human’s cycle.  From day one until the day of birth is only 63 days on average.  This means that within a very short amount of time the fetus will develop and grow into a puppy after only about 2 months.

Females enter labor and push out the puppies…although in some cases a Caesarian section will need to be performed.  This can be avoided in some instances if a larger female is paired with a smaller male. Most will have a litter of puppies which means that more than 1 will be born at the same time.  Toy and small dogs have small litters, usually 1-3 pups.  Larger dogs have larger litters, anywhere from 3 to 8 depending on the breed. In most instances, delivery can be done at home without complications.

Puppies can be twins…This happens if 2 fetus grow in one amniotic sac.

They are very tiny when born…Chihuahua puppies can be as small as just a few ounces! They need to stay very close to the dam (mother) after birth.  They need her warmth and they need to nurse from her for nourishment.  When a puppy is born, their eyes are close, they have no teeth and they cannot hear. This changes quickly…By 3 weeks old eyes are open, they can hear well, baby teeth are emerging and they are learning to walk.  Some people are surprised that a pup needs to learn to walk as a baby does…This is true however it is a much faster process.  Sometimes between weeks 3 and 4 they will go from wobbling around to running around!

In most areas of the world, legally, a puppy is deemed ready to leave the litter and be transported to a new home at the age of 8 weeks old.  New owners must remember that this is a very young age and much care should be taken.  It is very important to keep the new puppy clean, warm and well fed.  Read a lot more puppy facts.

puppyGrowing Puppies

The time that a puppy grows the most is between birth and 6 months old.  This is a time of very rapid change.  Many times a weight gain can be recorded each day.  Most will have a rounded appearance at this age.  Growth slows down but does not stop from 6 months to 1 year (for toy and small dogs) up to 2 years (for larger types).   As the growth slows, the dog will tend to grow more in height as weight increases slow down and this is what gives a more lean and sleek appearance that comes with maturity.

Toy and small dogs are considered to be adults at 1 year.  Larger dogs will be considered to be adults at 2 years old…And they often will act accordingly.

Behavior

Puppies are known for being very playful.  This is an exciting time for them…everything is new and everything is an opportunity to learn and explore.  They investigate things by mouthing them…and this is why they are infamous for chewing (along with the teething process).  An owner must be careful to keep small objects off of the floor and a pup will mouth just about everything to find out what it is.

They are very active when awake…and they are deep sleepers the rest of the time!  A puppy can sleep up to 20 hours per day, however the average time is 14 hours.  They will stay awake for longer and longer periods of time as they grow older…This is such a fast phase for most, that a person can almost notice a difference each week.

Puppies have quite a bit to learn…They have no idea that their owner wants for them to go to the bathroom outside, or walk beside them, or sit when asked to.  Therefore training usually must take place from the age of 8 weeks and on.  They learn best when they are given positive reinforcement for doing things correctly and simply ignored when doing something wrong.  For example, when house breaking, an owner will find success if they give great praise and a reward when the dog does as asked…but say nothing and go not give any type of reward if there is an accident.  Yelling does not achieve any success with any type of training….It can only serve to make a dog nervous and afraid…What works best is when a dog respects their owner and is not scared of them.

dog and puppy informationCare

There is much that is needed to provide proper care.  Food and shelter are the most basic requirements.   While a person can feed a dog just about anything, if care is not put into their meals it can be very unhealthy.  It must also be noted that canines can become sick if they eat certain foods including but not limited to raisins, chocolate and foods or drinks with caffeine.  There are many different manufactured foods, however one should be aware that in the U.S. pet foods labeled as chicken or a label that states “protein” can include chicken claws and beaks.

They also often contain fillers. Fillers are empty ingredients, void of any nutritional value or calories that are put into the food to fluff it up and make it appear as if there is more.  It goes straight through the body and is eliminated.  This is one reason why some dogs eat grass…Their bodies crave vegetables and vitamins!  Additives and artificial coloring is added as well with many brands.  This is why many people choose to home cook for their pets, it is fast becoming a good choice both economically and for health reasons.

When having more than 1 pup, it is best to separate their feeding areas so that neither feels that they must compete for food. 

Any toy breed (and some small breeds) should be walked with a harness and leash as opposed to a collar and leash. This is because they can easily develop a collapsed trachea. The neck is made of rings of cartilage…And they can latterly collapse if injured.  If the dog is wearing a collar and is attached to a leash….If they lunge forward or to the side, all of the pressure will be put directly onto their necks.  A harness prevents this, as it distributes pressure all across the shoulder blades, back and chest…thus preventing this painful condition.

Shelter is very important as well, comfort has a huge impact on behavior.  Long ago most canine were kept outside.  Now, most live in the house with their human family members.  Many breeds are “inside dogs” and are not made to withstand harsh weather…This includes cold, hot temperatures, strong winds, snow, ice and rain.

While it is not necessary, it is a fact about dogs and puppies that they will be happier and healthier when given a comfortable place to rest and sleep.  Doggie beds or pillows are quite popular and when placed in a quiet area of a home will allow them  to have a place to retreat to when things become too loud, when he or she feels that there is too much commotion in the home and to sleep comfortably through the night.

Just about any dog will be happy inside as long as they are taken outside for exercise.  Canines can become overweight which puts a great deal of stress on their body…they can also develop diabetes and other health related issues if they do not receive exercise.  Also, especially for puppies, when taken outside for walk or to play, they are able to release pent up energy and that allows them to be calmer and better behaved when indoors.

two dogsIt is suggested to have a schedule, as dogs are quite aware of time. They have superb inner time clocks and if an owner chooses a certain time of the day for a walk, their pet will be ready and excited to go.  They are able to stretch their legs, see new sights and new sounds and breath in fresh air…It is also a great bonding time for owner and pet.

Some breeds do not do well in very hot temperatures, and for those breeds it is best to avoid long walks when it is the hottest part of the day…sometimes choosing an early morning time or a late after dinner time works best.  Smaller, more delicate breeds can have a hard time with ice and snow…For those, it is often recommended to fit them with shoes or boots which will protect their paws from damaging ice.  On that subject, ice melt solutions can cause burn type injuries to paws and it is just one more reason to protect a canine with proper footwear.  Sweaters can be put on small breeds or those that do not have a thick coat of fur.

Interaction plays a vital role for good behavior and an overall emotionally happy pet.  Command training is a great way to bond…it gives the animal self-confidence and of course, will help when trying to control the dog.  Sit, stay, off, come and heel are the most common and well used commands.

Play time is important as well.  This can be as simple as playing fetch…or taking it up a level and playing hide and seek with a toy.  Most owners talk to their dogs and this is vital as well.  While they will not answer back, hearing your voice creates a bond.  You will not be talking to yourself, they will indeed be listening and are comforted by hearing you tell them about your day.

Grooming is a wonderful time to spend time together while also keeping them properly clean.  With most dogs and puppies, a bath every 2-3 weeks is all that is needed.  However, brushing and combing should be done on a regular basis.   Dogs who have fur that is longer than an inch can become matted very quickly….Matts are tangles of fur that if not undone will just become larger and larger until they are completely out of control and must be cut off.  To avoid this, a brushing each day will keep them at bay and give the coat a nice shiny appearance.  

Dental care, unfortunately, is overlooked by many owners.  Not too long ago it was thought that a dog’s mouth was sterile and all that was needed for the care of teeth was for them to be given dry food or a hard treat to chew on.  This is not true.  Plague and tarter builds up quickly and can lead to infection if not treated.   It is a fact about dogs and puppies that they require at home daily care and once a year professional care.  At home, teeth can be cleaned with canine toothpaste and brush.  It is important to not use human products, as some of it will be swallowed and is poisonous in large enough quantities. Some owners choose to do scrapings at home, although this can also be done during their once a year checkup.   Too often, this element of grooming is neglected and it will not only lead to infection but to tooth loss as well.

More Information

We welcome you to take a bit of time to have a look around.  We offer tons of information and helpful facts for just about any topic that you are interested in.  If you are an owner or are thinking about becoming an owner, we encourage you to learn as much as you can in order to have the best possible relationship with your dog or puppy.

                             

                            

Facts by Breed:
Akita Facts  |  Alaskan Malamute FactsAustralian Shepherd FactsBasset Hound Facts  |  Beagle  Facts | Bloodhound Facts  |  Boston Terrier Facts  |  Boxer Facts  |  Bull Dog Facts  |  Chihuahua Facts  |  Chow Chow Facts  |  Cocker Spaniel Facts  |  Collie Facts  |  Corgi Facts  |  Dachshund Facts  |  Dalmatian Facts  |  Doberman Pinscher Facts  |  French Bull Dog Facts  |  German Shepherd Facts  |  Golden Retriever Facts  |  Great Dane Facts  |  Greyhound Facts  |  Havanese Facts   |  Labrador Retriever Facts  |  Maltese Facts  |  Mastiffs Facts  |  Miniature Schnauzer Facts  |  Pitbull Facts  |  Pomeranian Facts  |  Poodle Facts  |  Pug Facts  |  Rottweiler Facts  |  Shetland Sheepdog Facts  |  Shih Tzu Facts  |  Siberian Husky Facts  |  St. Bernard Facts Yorkshire Terrier Facts  |

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