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Facts About Pomeranians
                      
General Pomeranian Facts & Stats

                       


facts about PomeraniansThis is a toy breed dog that has the nickname of Pom.  They are also endearingly called Balls of Fluff.

They are in the AKC Spitz group, originating from large, white sled dogs.

Average weight is from 3-7 pounds (1.36 to 3.18 kg).  *Note: It is rare, however some Poms are much larger than expected...this can be due from what is known as being a Throwback...Instead of carrying genes from 5 generations back, the pup carries genes from much farther back...to the ancient, large Spitz dogs who were this breed's ancestors. These pups then can grow to be a weight ranging from 10- even 20 pounds.

Average life span is 14 years, with a range of 12 to 17.

Average litter size is 2, with a range of 1-4 being normal.

Shedding varied quite a bit.  Many adults will shed in accordance with light changes, i.e. when the sun stays in the sky longer during the summer.  Others, since they are mainly kept indoors, will shed lightly all throughout the year.

They are the 15th most registered dog in the United States.

For the past decade, the Pomeranian has been included in the top 20 most registered AKC breeds. This breed came in at #13 in 2008 and #19 in 2012 and 2013.

This breed originated from medium to large sized Spitz dogs in the Greenland and Iceland, then eventually brought down to Europe. Over time, they were bred down in size and very popular in the land then known as Pomerania (where Germany and Poland now sit). While the ancient Spitz were white sled dogs, color was introduced into the line, along with breeding to bring down the size of the dog. 

Once the Pom was smaller in size, Queen Victoria owned a 12 pound Pomeranian named Marco. Falling in love, she decided to dedicate herself to breeding the Pom down even further in size and is credited with making this ball of fluff popular in England.

It is the Pomeranian Club of America that sets the Pomeranian breed standards for the AKC; these do change over time.

Color and Appearance Pomeranian Facts

Pomeranian factsIt is not uncommon for a puppy to change color when he or she loses their puppy coat and the adult coat grows in.

This is the one breed that has a very clear stage of coat change….It is known as the Puppy Uglies.  It can begin as early as 4 months and end as late as 12 months.  Born with 1 coat of fur, during this phase fur will fall out, often leaving patches of bare skin or the body will look very odd with some short fur and some long in various and random places.   This is quite normal and will be noticeable on 80% of Poms.   When it is complete, the adult Pomeranian will have 2 coats of permanent fur.

This breed comes in 19 AKC colors and many more that are not on the official list… there are rare hues such as lavender and pink.

A Pomeranian may be a solid color or may have 2 (known as a parti) or 3 colors (known as a tri-color Pom).

Eyes color will vary… all hues are possible, from black to brown to green or blue.

Nails can range from any shade from white to black.

They are a double coated breed with both a short inner coat and a longer outer coat.

Some purebreds are much larger than the standard...while this is rare it is known as Throwback...since this breed originated from much larger dogs, once in a while a Pom can have genes from many generations ago...and this can cause him or her to grow up to 20 pounds!

While the fox face fits the breed standards, other shapes are the Teddy Bear face and the Baby Doll face.
 
Puppy Facts

Pomeranian puppy factsA Pomeranian will be deemed an adult by the age of 1.

Newborns are mere ounces, but when healthy will gain weight each day.

Eyes will open by 2-3 weeks and at this time the pup will also begin to hear well and learn to walk.

The puppy will have a rounded appearance and weight gain is of no concern at this time… the adult will have a sleeker look as they will continue to grow in height and length while weight steadies out.

Behavior and Temperament Facts

Having a Pomeranian is like having a smart puppy forever.  They are playful, friendly and loving.  They are also intelligent and can be trained to do just about anything….from understanding a specific designated bathroom area,  to playing catch, to performing tricks.

They get along famously well with other dogs, particularly others Pomeranians.  When in a group, they will playfully romp around together and keep each other company all day.

They love to cuddle up with you or just stay close by being at your feet while you are on the computer, etc.

Pom
Facts about Pomeranian Health


Most common issues are:

Luxating patella – This is a condition in which the knee cap slips out of place. A Pomeranian may be born prone to this… or it can occur from injury if the dog jumps down from a sofa, human bed, etc. 

Hip dysplasia – This is when the hip joint and socket slip out of place.  Puppies may be born with this genetic defect or it may occur from injury just like the above mentioned luxating patella.

Collapsed trachea - This is common with toy breed dogs and can be avoided in most cases by using a harness and not a collar whenever the dog is on leash.  This way, any pressure is not put directly onto the neck, but is instead distributed over the chest and back.

All 3 issues are possible conditions that can occur with small dogs.

There is a rare condition and it is only found in this breed…It is called Black Skin Disease (BSD for short). This is when fur falls out for no known reason. It will not grow back.  While it is not painful for the dog, if this were to happen, an owner would be encouraged to always use sun protection lotion when the dog is outside and to use baby blankets for him or her to lay down on so that bare skin is not irritated by flooring or carpet.

Pomeranian dog infoGrooming

Due to the thick, long, fluffy coat that this breed is known for, brushing and combing is an important aspect of grooming.   This should be done at least every other day.  Since the dog is very small, it does not take a lot of time.   The coat should first be spritzed with a leave-in conditioner or a mixture of canine conditioner and water.   What kind of brush should you use for a Pomeranian? A pin brush one...you will want to carefully go over the entire body… Next one would use a fine toothed comb to double check that there are no tangles.

Some breeders trim the coats of adults to spare the need of routine grooming….This is not recommended for pet owners.  The coat is meant to be long.  This breed has a double coat of fur...the inner coat is very thick and short...the outer is made of longer hairs.  If a Pomeranian is shaved down, especially if the inner layer is shaved, it can destroy the coat. It may never grow properly again.  In many cases, when it does begin to grow again, it will come in patchy.

Baths should be given every 3 weeks or so… To avoid dry skin one should always use warm water and a hypo-allergenic dog shampoo and conditioner.

The coat should be brushed and then combed before the bath so that any potential tangles can be removed before they become wet.

A brush is needed after bath time so that the fur will dry out nice and fluffy. Some owners opt to blow dry and this is just fine as long as the setting is not too hot.

To brush for the most fluff, one should brush against the direction of natural hair growth.

Nails can grow quickly and for this reason one should check them every 2 weeks and clip as necessary.

Cute PomeranianCare

Being so tiny, this dog will not eat very much, however meal time is very important. During the early puppy months, it is recommended to free feed, which means that food can be kept out at all times to ensure that the pup eats enough for a rapidly growing body.  By 4 or 5 months, meals should be scheduled. 

While some owners wish to train the Pom to use a litter box since they are small enough to do so, it is best to implement outdoor house training.

Exercise is important, this tiny ball of fur will be happy to walk with you each day for about 30 to 40 minutes.  If an owner wishes to walk further, it is not uncommon to carry a Pom the rest of the way!

During cold weather, the Pomeranian may resist going outside.  For this reason, many owners opt to put a sweater and booties on them and this often fixes the problem.

Their paws can be very sensitive to ice melt chemicals and doggie shoes or booties are often recommended if there is no way around the chemicals or if the dog shows sensitivity to the frozen ground.

Sites of Interest:

One of the most popular sites dedicated to this breed is PetPom.com

                        

                      

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