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Facts About Poodles
General Facts & Stats About Poodles
The Poodle can be found in 3 sizes :Toy, which is 10 inches at the shoulder (under 10 pounds), Miniature  which is more than 10 but less than 15 inches at the shoulder (12-25 pounds) and Standard which is more than 15 inches at the shoulder (40-75 pounds).

Many say that a Poodle fact is that the breed does not shed and is hypoallergenic…this is true only to some extent…They do shed, but the loose hairs fall back into the coat and not on your furniture…and while they do have hair and not fur, some people are allergic to the dander in the hairs.

It is believed that the Poodle may have originated from the French Barbet dog which had a very wooly, curly coat and the Hungarian Water Hound.

They are the official dog of France even though many agree that this breed originated in Germany.  It is a Poodle fact however that France is the country that made this breed the dog that we know of today and made this breed so popular. 

It is an interesting fact that the word for Poodle, in French, is Caniche...which translates to "duck".

They were originally bred for hunting and retrieving foul from water…This is how the pon-pon on the tail became popular…Many people thought that if the hairs on the tail were clipped as such, that the dog would be able to swim faster.

This breed has royal connections in its history! It is a historical fact that a Poodle named Boy was the companion of Prince Rupert of the Rhine in the English Civil war (1642-1649)...he was credited with having mystical powers.  A pamphlet concerning Boy is preserved in the Bodleian Library in Oxford England and it describes how Prince Rupert, with his Poodle sitting on a table by his side, would frequently turn and kiss it during Council debate.  Sadly, the dog was killed at the Battle of Marston Moor in the year 1644.

The large Standard will age much faster than the smaller Toy or Mini.

Toys and Mini’s will be adults at the age of 1 year, Standards will be adult dogs at the age of 2 years.

Toy Poodles have an average life span of 16 years, Mini’s have a life expectancy of 14 years and Standards generally live to 12 years on average.

A tiny Teacup Poodle is not an officially recognized breed….If a dog is smaller than the standard this is most likely due to intentional breeding to produce dogs smaller than nature intended (dangerous) or the dog happens to be the smallest one in the litter.


No matter which size Poodle you have, he or she should be brushed at least once a week.  This is best done with a slicker brush or bristle brush.  One main purpose will be to reach down to the skin (gently) to remove the dead hairs that have embedded deep into the coat.   The strokes should be against the natural growth.   The motion of your hand should be up and forward with each brushstroke. 

It is common and popular for pet owners (who do not plan on entering their dog in a conformation event) to keep the dog in a Puppy Cut…. A clip that leaves the coat 1-3 inches long and is much easier to take care of.

Painted Poodles are a trend in many areas, and this should never be done if the dog has any sort of skin issue, including itchiness, red patches or sores. When done,  it is recommended to have a professional do this or to use Kool-aid mix which is non-toxic.

If the coat is left alone to grow long and not given clippings, it can grow into cords.

They are the 9th most registered breed in the U.S.

For show, the Lion Clip is mandatory.

Color and Appearance

Most Poodles will be of solid color or parti (2 colors) that include: Apricot, black, blue, brown, café aulait, cream, grey, red, silver, silver beige and white.

It is a Poodle fact that colors can fade.  At the age of about 2 years old, an owner will know if the puppy color will “hold” which means it will remain the same or “clear” which means it will lighten or change to a different color.

Some Poodles will turn grey at the age of 3 or 4 months, not due to immature aging of the dog itself, but from a certain gene that causes early graying. Nothing can stop this process.

Skin color can change when the dog is exposed to sunlight.  A pink belly may develop black spots….This is similar to a person getting freckles.

Tails are long, usually just about as long as the back is.

Their eyes will either be dark or amber.

Brown and café au lait Poodle will have liver colored noses, eye rims and lips and their nails will be dark.  All others will have black noses with black eye rims and lips with varying hues of nails.

It is desired for whites to have black nails.

In conformation show, faults include eyes that are set too close together, a curled tail or a tail that is carried over the back.


Average litter size will depend on the size of the Poodle….With Toys it is 3, with Mini’s it is 4 and with Standards it is 5.

While a female may have her first heat as young as 5 months old, it is highly recommended to wait until she is 2 years old before mating.

A particular variety should be paired with the same variety, example: Toy to Toy.

A female can enter heat for her entire life….But this does not mean that she should be bred for too long. Retiring dams at the age of 5 or 6 years is considered safe and ethical.


They are near the top of the list in regards to the most intelligent dogs. (See: Canine Intelligence Facts)

They have exceptional ability to recognize vocal infections in a humans’ voice…this is one reason why they are generally easy to train… Just the tone of your voice alone will let them know what is expected.

They are often given the stereotype of being “barkers”, however this is often due to a lack of socialization and de-sensitized training from triggers and not from a natural instinct to make noise.

Most are very high energy, full of life dogs who love to be on the go and participate in family activities.

They generally get along very well with other dogs and with cats.

They can quickly understand words when trained to do so…Some can understand up to 100 words!

High strung dogs can often have that trait due to poor breeding.

Since they have a lot of energy, taking them for a walk at least 1 time per day (2 is best) will help them release pent up energy and thus behave better.

Puppies should not be over exercised as it can cause damage to growing muscles, ligaments and tendons.

How much should you feed a Poodle? A standard requires approximately 1 and 1/2 can (14 oz/ 400g size) of a branded meaty product, with biscuit added in equal part by volume.  Toy and miniatures, 1/4 and 1/2 can respectively....however one must keep in mind that this is a guideline and the amount that a dog eats will vary based on age, activity level and metabolism.

They love to play in water and if they do so, ears should be dried out once they are done, this is to help prevent a buildup of moisture that can lead to ear infection.

House training and command training should begin at the age of 2 months.

They are prone to having dental issues and for this reason, aside from daily brushings, scrapings should be done…This can be done at home if an owner does not wish to have professionals do this…. However, in any case, a yearly dental checkup is highly recommended.


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