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Pug Facts
General Pug Facts & Stats

                        The Pug is the largest dog in the Toy breed group of the AKC.

Average weight is 13-20 lbs. for males and 13-18 lbs. for females.

Average height is 12-14 inches for males and 10-12 inches for females, measured from floor to shoulder.

This breed is part of the Mastiff group.

Life span is 13 years on average with a range of 12 to 15 years being in the normal range.

They originated quite a long time ago, in 400 BC Asia.

They were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.
They are the 24th most registered breed in the United States.

facts about PugsColor and Appearance

They can be found in 1 of 4 different colors: fawn, black, apricot fawn or silver fawn.

They have a rather square shaped body, with a sturdy torso and short legs.

All purebreds will have a black mask, which means a strong dark coloring all across the muzzle.

The coat is very short and lays close to the body.

The tail is curled.

The face has wrinkles.

There are 2 different types of ears on this breed and both are equally desirable.  There is the rose ear which are small and folded in such a way that the front edge lays against the side of the dog’s head. The button ear is larger and are not folded.
Most have an under bite which means that the lower jaw extends a bit past the upper.

Behavior and Temperament

This breed is known for being very friendly and people oriented. Many will shadow their owners and not want to let them out of sight.

facts about Pug dogsThey are loving, playful and most have very amusing personalities.

They do make a lot of noises which most owners learn to find endearing.  Most snore while sleeping. They will also pass gas quite a bit, snort, gargle, and drool.

This is a great breed to have as a family pet, as they get along very well with children of all ages and are very playful.

When they smile, it can be huge with teeth showing and the corners of the mouth very high…It is very adorable.

Despite stereotypes that this dog is lazy (not true!), they make great watchdogs since they are very alert.


The wrinkles on the face must be taken care of and kept clean, if not health issues can arise, most common will be a yeast infection.  Owners are encouraged to clean the wrinkles 1 time per day. This does not take a lot of time, but is vital to hygiene and health.  One should carefully and systematically wipe out each wrinkle with a cotton swab and to make sure that no moisture remains.

Reverse sneezing is common but is not a serious health issue.

Pug dog informationHip dysplasia is common and is mainly genetic.  In some cases it is due to injury that is caused by jumping.  This condition means that the hip joint and socket become dislodged and often treatment is bed rest after the hip is put back into place and often bandaged.   Only in rare, severe cases is surgery required.

Breathing properly is one of the highest health concerns with the Pug.   The Pugs is 1 of several breeds that are known as Brachycephalic breeds. This means that they have a very short muzzle (flat face). This shape causes breathing passages to be compact. For this reason, they can have problems breathing, especially when over exercised or exposed to very warm or hot temperatures.  For this reason,  when the weather is above 75° F, one should try to bring their Pug for a walk either early in the day or in the last evening when the sun is not so high in the sky…. It is also recommended to bring extra drinking water.

An owner should not be afraid to exercise their Pug,  because it is a fact that this breed can rapidly become overweight if they are not active.  If it is too hot outside for a good bout of exercise, indoor games can be played to keep the dog moving.  Best is at least 1 hour of moderate walking or other purpose activity each day.

Since their eyes bulge out and are vulnerable, eye issues can be common.  Injury is the #1 most reported ailment and one must be careful when handling the dog, during bath time, etc.

Grooming Facts

It is a Pug fact that this breed, despite the short coat, does shed quite a bit.  While short, it is thick.  Solid black Pugs will not shed as much as others since they have only 1 layer of fur and others have 2.   For all dogs expect for black, a rake comb should be used…This will reach down to the inner coat and remove dead hairs.

Once raked or for black Pugs, a rubber brush is best to go over the entire coat.

funny Pug photosIt is best to devote 10 to 15 minutes per day to brushing.

Baths should only be given every 6 weeks or so using a hypo-allergenic canine shampoo. It is important to dry the dog well, particularly the wrinkles and inner ear flaps.

One element to avoiding eye injury is to always use a deep, wide food bowl for both dog food and water…. Shallow, small bowls can cause injury as the eye can rub against the rim.

Pugs often have a very close bond to their owners and do not do very well when left home alone for long periods of time.  If an owner must be away at work each day, the dog will do best if a designated room is gated off and filled with plenty of toys, chews, a soft comfortable place to nap, a radio or TV playing in the background and food and water dispensers.


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