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What is a Purebred Dog? (What is a Cross breed?)
What is a Pure Bred Dog?


A purebred dog is one whose sire (father) and dam (mother) are of the same breed, the parents having themselves descended from dogs of that very same breed.  The bloodline and proof of purebred dogs in the line of generations should go back a very long time...ten years in most cases although it is sometimes not possible to obtain records further back than 5 generations for dam and then for sire.

In the History of Dogs, it has been explained how early people would have attempted planned matings of their canine companions so as to perpetuate those traits that they admired and desired.  They would have experimented with such things as height, weight, and coat type, with color patterns, with the shape of the dog's head and skull, and the setting of its tail until, in the course of a few generations, the desired canine type would breed true.

Doubtless, subsequent dog fanciers would have discussed the attributes of their animals much as people do today.  However, while we have the legacy of many paintings which depict  reeds of dogs that appear to have changed little from those we know now, it is almost impossible to chart their progress.

This is because it was not until 1873 that the Kennel Club in London, the first of its kind in the world, was formed.  The Kennel Club introduced a registration system, so that one might determine the breeding of every purebred dog , in what amounted to its own birth certificate...and also refer to an approved "standard" for each variety of dog that was recognized

Of course, the desire to continue to introduce and improve breeds has continued and there are remarkably few varieties that do not owe their present existence to another breed.

The Doberman, for example, owes much to the Rottweiler and the tiny little Pomeranian originated from a large, pure white sled dog.

The Greyhound is a pure breed that has not altered materially from its likeness carved in an Egyptian tomb in the Nile Valley circa 4000 BC.  It has been used for courting since Roman times.  In today's world, it is bred along distinct lines for showing, coursing and track racing.

See Also:
Dog Training Facts - Excellent step-by-step facts for owners of pups and dogs!

  Fun Dog Facts - Humorous and interesting facts to keep you amused. A great way to find out more about dogs!

Why Dogs Do Things-
No extra words, just the FACTS. Learn exactly why dogs do the things they do!

What is a Cross Breed Dog?

A Cross breed dog is the offspring of a purebred dam (mother) that has mated with a purebred of another purebred breed...For example, the result of a Toy Poodle and Maltese mating.

Many people refer to this as a hybrid or a designer ...however those are simply new terms that have been created....a cross breed is the official and technical term for what is described above.

Because of these newer terms that have been created, it misleads some people into thinking that a crossbreed is something else...some think that it must mean a "mixed dog" (mongrel), but that is not true. * Read on*

There are those who favor crossbreeds, believing that they will have the benefit of the attributes of both breeds.  In fact, a problem often arises where an owner, having lost a crossbreed of a certain type wishes to replace it with another, for crossbreeds are rarely intentionally bred.

A mix
is a term that technically means a mongrel.  A mongrel is a dog whose sire and dam are likely to owe their genetic makeup to any number of different breeds.

To clarify this:

  • Pure breed + pure breed = pure breed
  • pure breed + different pure breed = cross breed
  • cross breed + cross breed = mixed (mongrel)

The Old Wives' Tale

There is an old wives tale that mongrels are more robust than purebreds.  In fact, studies have proven that the mongrel is unlikely to be any tougher or weaker than its purebred contemporaries. 

There is no doubt that mongrels make excellent pets but here is always an element of uncertainty as to how they will turn out with regard to either appearance or temperament. Owners often disagree, however each mixed dog has a genetic background which is highly unique to him or her...and therefore mongrels cannot all be categorized together....Each pup will be completely unique and distinct.

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