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Rottweiler Facts
General Rottweiler Facts & Stats
The commonly used nickname for the Rottweiler  is Rotty (or Rottie).

Life span is 10 years on average, however one should remember that many live well into their teens.

Puppyhood lasts 2 years and a Rottie will be deemed an adult at the age of 2….and a senior at the age of 8.

Male adults will weigh between 110 to 130 pounds (50 to 58 kg).

Females will weigh between 80 to 110 pounds (39 to 48 kg).

Mature height from floor to should for males will be 24 to 27 inches (61 to 69 cm) and 22 to 25 inches (56-63 cm) for females.
Average litter size is 10, with a range of 8 to 12 being quite normal.

It is legal for apartment owners to deny housing to owners of Rottweilers in some states of the U.S.

This dog can be aggressive, a lot of it has to do with training and treatment, however it is true that there are more reported dog bites from German Shepherds than Rotties.

This is the 11th most registered breed in the United States.
Color and Appearance

This is a medium sized dog.

The coat color in purebreds is always black with markings that range in the red tones, from  light rust to deep mahogany.
Recognized by the AKC in 1931, this breed in classified in the Working group.

History and Origin

The Rottweiler has been known since the Middle Ages, when it was a hunter of wild boar...and has developed into a trusted cattle dog.  This breed comes from the German town of Rottweil which is located in Wurttemberg.  In that area, the Rotty was known as the Rottweiler Metzgerhund or the Rottweil Butcher's Dog.  This breed was used often for draft purposes and would pull the butcher's carts.  This breed has also been used as a police dog and as a guard in the armed services.

Behavior and Temperament

One of the most common but untrue Rottweiler facts is that this breed is naturally, fully aggressive.  While it is true that being protective of its human family members is a strong trait, the dog can be quickly changed into an aggressive dog, not because of inbred traits, but due to poor training….or sadly intentional training to instill aggression.   It is an interesting fact that one of the reasons that this breed has the reputation of being so aggressive is because it rarely gives any warning signs when it does indeed attack....while many other breeds will show signs first such as barking, body position, tail movement, etc.

Therefore,   a Rottie is naturally very protective of their human family and their home…and no extra encouragement is needed.

Most can be display very silly behavior, trying to amuse their human family members with funny antics.

One of the best methods of having a loyal and obedient Rottweiler  is for an owner to show the dog that the owner is the one in charge…and this must be done at an early age when the Rotty is still a puppy.  An excellent training method is to randomly choose times when you place the puppy on its back and gently hold him or her down by placing your hand across his or her stomach.  Most pups will wiggle and try to get free.  However, once the pup stops moving, this shows that they have submitted and it is akin to saying, “Okay, YOU are in charge”.

It is a Rottweiler fact that this breed is actually good with children. When living as part of the family and trained to listen to commands (causing the dog to know his or her place in the household), a Rotty can be very gentle and patient with children of all ages.   It is best if a puppy is slowly introduced to people of all ages at a young age and that socialization continues throughout his or her life.

All dogs need socializing training, however it is a Rottweiler fact that this breed does require more than some others do.  This can be done by introducing the Rottie (beginning as a puppy) to all sorts of people and environments.  This can be done by changing walking routines in order for him or her to experience as many sights, smells, noises and types of people as possible.

They can be good with other pets IF introduced at an early age and they have time to form a bond.  Adults do not do as well with new animals in the household.

A Rottweiler fact to remember is that bad behavior can develop if this breed is left outside for too long of a time and able to sense other dogs….they can become very frustrated to be enclosed in a yard or tied and unable to check out the other dogs or animals that they hear,  smell or see.  


Another Rottweiler fact is that this breed can eat a lot and has a hearty appetite. Young Rotties can eat up to 10 cups of food in one day.   For health reasons, it is important to offer only high quality food.  While home cooking is highly recommended, the 2nd best option is to choose a dog food that has no fillers, additives or coloring.  One must be careful, as in the U.S. protein in dog food can legally mean chicken beaks and claws.  Fillers are just terrible, as they are added to simply make there seem to be more real food than there really is.  Snacks of real, wholesome foods such as carrot sticks are a great alternative to manufactured treats.

There are some foods and treats that can cause great harm and even be fatal to the Rottweiler. Rawhide and any sort of bones what-so-ever…this is because they can cause impaction of the intestines…which can necessitate surgery and can lethal.

If an owner wishes to feed raw beef or cow hooves, all fat that can be seen should first be removed.
Pig ears and cow ears (a popular treat for many dogs) can cause illness and some studies even show that it can cause behavior disturbance.



Just like all breeds, there are some health conditions that this breed is prone to.  Some are preventable and some are not.  This includes: hip dysplasia (a condition where the hip socket and joint become dislocated).  While this may be a weakness that is in the bloodline, it can often be prevented by not allowing the dog to jump from too high of heights. This means that a puppy should not be allowed or encouraged to jump down from a sofa and an adult dog should not be allowed or encouraged to jump a fence or off an outdoor slope, etc.  It is the impact of the landing that can cause this to happen.

Bloat is another condition that happens to this breed more than some others.  This is a medical term that basically means that the stomach twists and it is very painful.  This can happen due to stress, but it most often occurs when the dog eats too much or too quickly. For this reason, it can be widely prevented by having the dog eat from a bowl specifically designed to slow down meal times.  Bowls for this have safe obstructions that spread the food out, forcing the dog to eat around them….thus extending the time that it takes to ingest the dinner.


One misconception in regard to Rottweiler facts is that this dog does just fine when left alone to live outside.  This is not good for any breed and certainly not this one.  A Rottweiler needs human interaction and one-on-one attention to be a lovely and well behaved family pet. Therefore, while there may be times that he or she enjoys running around in a safe enclosed outside area, it is strongly recommended to have your pup or dog live indoors as part of the family.

It is a Rottweiler fact that this breed matures slowly.  Many owners find themselves with an overweight dog before they realize what is happening.  For this reason , one should always be aware of the weigh of the dog. For good health, one should be able to clearly see the waist line.  Another way to know if the dog is eating the right amount is to feel for rib bones.  You do not want them to be so skinny that bones show….however, one should be able to feel them when touching the area.

It is a Rottweiler fact that this breed can tear apart toys very easily…this can be dangerous because if a Rotty does this, small pieces can cause choking.  For this reason, only very strong and sturdy dog toys such as the Kong should be given.


To keep the coat clean and healthy…and to keep shedding at bay, the dog should be brushed at least 1 time per week.  It is best to use a fine steel comb or rubber brush.

Ears should be cleaned 1 time per week.  This should be done by wiping them out with cotton balls dipped in rubbing alcohol or a professional canine ear cleanser. 

Baths should be limited to 1 bath every 2 weeks… this is so that the skin does not lose natural oils and does not become too dry, as it can lead to itching and then potentially to sore and then infection.


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