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Small Dog Facts
General Small Dog Facts


small dog factsThere are 28 toy breed dogs and 157 small dog breeds….This does not include designer or hybrid dogs.

Most small dogs were bred down from their much larger ancestors…an example is the Pomeranian which was bred down from a large, white Spitz sled dog.

Others small dogs where always small, such as the Chihuahua which originated in Mexico.

Toy and small dogs are small enough! There is no such thing as a teacup Chihuahua or a miniature Maltese….those are simply marketing terms.

They have a longer life span than others.

They have smaller litters than other breeds. In many cases a toy will only have 1 pup.

Caesarean sections odds increase the smaller the dog is.

The most popular and commonly owned small dogs are the:  Affenpinscher, American Cocker Spaniel, American Eskimo Dog, , Australian Terrier, Basenji, Beagle, Bichon Frise, , Border Terrier, Boston Terrier, Brazilian Terrier, Brussels Griffon, Cairn Terrier,facts about small dogs Cardigan Welsh Corgi, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Cesky Terrier, Chihuahua, , Coton de Tulear, Dachshund, French Bulldog, Havanese, Italian Greyhound, Jack Russell, Japanese Chin, Lhasa Apso, Maltese, Manchester Terrier, Miniature Bull Terrier, Miniature Pinscher, Miniature Schnauzer, Papillion, Pekingese, Pomeranian, Toy and Miniature Poodle, Pug and the  Rat Terrier.    

It is a myth that larger dogs are more lovable and small dogs are act snobbish.  The treatment that owners give to their pets strongly shapes the dog’s personality and small dogs can be just as lovable and friendly as larger breeds.

It is not true that small dogs need to stay indoors. It is true that they should live inside, but most breeds absolutely love playing outside….and most need to be walked outdoors at least 1 time a day.

They can have huge personalities and egos… Many owners must instill training to show them that it is the human who is in charge.   This is best done by always entering and exiting the house first and always begin eating first before putting down their food bowl.

Small Dog Facts About Health

The most common health issue with small dogs is Collapsed Trachea. This can happen when a small dog is put on a leash while wearing a collar.  If the dog jumps, too much pressure can be put on the neck and the rings of cartilage in the trachea collapsed.  This can be avoided by using a harness instead of a collar.

Small dogs can get luxating patella from jumping from too high of a height. This is when the knee cap slips out of place. Many toy and small dogs can stay safe if ramps are put into place for them to go up and down from sofas, living room chairs, beds, etc.

very small dogsSmall dog develop hypoglycemia much more often than larger breeds.  This is a condition in which the dog’s blood sugar level drops very quickly. It can happen to adults, but happens to puppies more often. The signs are weakness, inability to walk and fainting.  It should be immediately treated at home….This can be done by rubbing Karo sugar on the gums of the pup, by doing this sugar is immediately absorbed into the body. Then, once they are stabilized, they should be brought to the veterinarian.  Some cases are severe and treatment will need to include an IV solution.  The condition can happen when the pup’s food is changed too quickly to a new one or from stress.

They require daily exercise just like any other breed… a brisk 30-45 minute daily walk is a must for optimal health. The only exceptions will be breeds such as the Pug that can have breathing problems if they overexert themselves….. Then, it is best to offer slow walks and to do so when the temperature is not hot, such as in the early morning or in the evening.

They can be prone to dental issues. For this reason an owner should always provide daily dental care by brushing the teeth at home using a canine toothbrush and toothpaste (human paste is toxic when swallowed). Scraping is also important and this can be done at home or at the veterinarians. Without dental care, a small dog can develop tooth and mouth infections, those infections can spread throughout the body and there can be tooth loss.

Many are fragile and children must be taught to properly handle them.. Sadly many are injured due to an owner accidentally walking on them or tripping over them… For this reason they are often referred to as Under the Foot dogs and one must always be aware of where their pet is.

House Training Small Dog Facts

While many say that small dogs can learn to use a cat litter box for their bathroom needs, most do best when they are allowed to choose their own spot.   Training works best when the dog is on leash and the owner choose 1 designated area.  The owner then stands in the middle of the area and allows the leashed dog to choose just the right spot.  This can take up to 20 minutes for a dog who is in the training process.

Behavior Facts About Small Dogs

Most have more energy than larger ones and for this reason will need extra calories to meet their activity levels.

It is true that some breeds bark more often than others, however they are not all small breeds!  Small dogs, in general, do not bark any more often or any louder than others.  All dogs bark to communicate or to get a response.  They may also bark when afraid or when lonely. 


Facts by Breed:
Akita Facts  |  Alaskan Malamute FactsAustralian Shepherd FactsBasset Hound Facts  |  Beagle  Facts | Bloodhound Facts  |  Boston Terrier Facts  |  Boxer Facts  |  Bull Dog Facts  |  Chihuahua Facts  |  Chow Chow Facts  |  Cocker Spaniel Facts  |  Collie Facts  |  Corgi Facts  |  Dachshund Facts  |  Dalmatian Facts  |  Doberman Pinscher Facts  |  French Bull Dog Facts  |  German Shepherd Facts  |  Golden Retriever Facts  |  Great Dane Facts  |  Greyhound Facts  |  Havanese Facts   |  Labrador Retriever Facts  |  Maltese Facts  |  Mastiffs Facts  |  Miniature Schnauzer Facts  |  Pitbull Facts  |  Pomeranian Facts  |  Poodle Facts  |  Pug Facts  |  Rottweiler Facts  |  Shetland Sheepdog Facts  |  Shih Tzu Facts  |  Siberian Husky Facts  |  St. Bernard Facts Yorkshire Terrier Facts  |

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